The major microcell for all live organisms is copper. It is contained in blood of animals, about 0,001 mg/l.
Copper belongs to very interesting elements from the biological point of view. It is the catalyst of endocellular oxidizing processes and a part of several enzymes: lactase, oxidase and others. Copper participates in processes of blood createdion and ferment oxidations, in animals it is mainly contained in the liver and cellular nucleus of other tissue. Copper is necessary for normal work of heart (supports an ability of heart to pump blood, prevents aneurysm, ensures growth of strong arterial connective tissue), regulates the level of cholesterol, sugar, uric acid, strengthens bones (copper is necessary for development of collagen in bones), strengthens development of erythrocytes and leukocytes, supports the immune system, boosts growth of young organisms.
Animals suffering from lack of copper in organism are exposed losses of appetite and diseases of heart. The decrease of iron results in an anemia accompanying with a diarrhea and an exhaustion.
Copper sulphate contains 25% of copper, and is dissolved in water without residue. It is acquired by organism of animals and birds with other micronutrients included in feed blends. Taking into account high technological requirements of Open joint stock company PCF «Olimp-Krug» Ltd. for producing of copper sulphate, our product does not contain some heavy metals and other harmful substances and ideally complies with all requirements for application as a mineral additive in animal feed blends.
Application and dosage of mineral additives should be carried out by veterinary experts as the excess of micronutrients in organisms of animals can be not less harmful, than their deficiency.
In the large amounts copper causes vomiting; with consumption of copper total organism poisoning can occur (diarrhoea, easing of breath and intimate activity, asthma, coma).
Recommendations on application
It was found, that application of copper in quantities of 125-250 mg for 1 kg of feed in starting diets increases consumption of food and growth of pigs. Copper is added as a separate component in quantity of 0,45-0,9 kg per ton in the form of copper sulphate. Copper acts as an antibiotic rather, than a nutrient.
For pigs the best concentration will be 250 mg per 1 kg of feed. If copper content is 100-125 mg per 1 kg, the effect will be reduced by 75-80%. It has been proved, that adding of copper sulphate to the diet works better, than antibiotics for prevention of diseases. It is necessary to take either copper sulphate, or antibiotics.
Copper sulphate can be added for breeding, but results are not so obvious. On the termination of breeding it is not necessary to add copper sulphate. It is connected with that surplus of copper in liver will be created.
If as a result of bad mixing, concentration of copper is 300-500 mg per 1 kg (1,2-2,5 kg per 1 MT) this quantity can be toxic.
Sheep are very sensitive to copper and it is toxic for them. Therefore be cautious and do not mix feed if at your farm both sheep and pigs are bred. Watch that sheep would not reach feed intended for pigs. Cattle are very resistant to copper.
Copper sulphate is a chemically aggressive substance and it can damage your equipment. When a plenty of copper gets into sediment bowl, it interferes with biological decomposition of manure. In many countries application of fertilizers containing copper sulphate to soil is restricted.
Copper sulphate is good against activators of pathogenic organisms causing moniasiose. They are flatworms of 4-5 cm in length and 1,5 cm in width which live in thin intestines. Animals on pastures are caught by ticks. Young animals are the most susceptible to this. Calves lose appetite, digestion is upset, they grow gaunt, become languid and quite often perish.
Among other preparations fenasal, manganese, calcium and copper sulphate are applied as solutions. Enter solution to adult goats internally by means of tube, to calves from a syringe without a needle. One day before treating calves stop giving water to them. Water is allowed only after the treatment. For preventive treatment of goats give them internally fenasal 0,1 g or 0,2 g for 1 kg of live weight in mix with concentrates. An effective means for protection against helminths is spraying of goats with a mix of fenotiasine, copper sulphate and table salt.